This year, the U.S. Federal Reserve has taken a bold step to ease monetary policy.
The central bank announced a plan that will allow banks to use the money they earn to buy bonds.
The move, the Fed said, is meant to help spur economic growth and help the U-S.
In the process, it will also help bring down the cost of borrowing, which has skyrocketed since the financial crisis.
But there are some risks.
Here are five questions you need to answer about the new program.
Can a central bank purchase a bond at a discount?
The Federal Reserve did it in 2012, when it issued a pair of $1 trillion, two-year bond purchases.
Now, it is using the money it earns from its bond purchases to buy $1.4 trillion in Treasury bonds.
But why would a central banker purchase bonds at a lower price than it pays to buy a bank’s debt?
The answer is that the Federal Reserve is buying bonds for its own purposes, not to help banks.
“It is a subsidy to the banking sector to purchase these bonds,” says Jonathan Cauvin, an economist at the University of Michigan.
“The Federal Reserve would be better off selling these bonds to banks at a higher rate.”
The Treasury Department and the Fed have said that the money raised through the bond purchases will go toward deficit reduction and economic stimulus.
But the central bank will not be able to tap the money until at least 2020.
“Banks will be able take advantage of the discounted rate to purchase other debt,” said David Stockman, an economics professor at Georgetown University.
“But at that point, they’ll have to borrow more.”
How much is the Treasury Department paying for the bonds?
The Treasury is paying the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) for every dollar it earns.
The Fed buys the bonds and sells them back to the FOMC at a fixed rate.
That fixed rate is known as the discount rate.
The Treasury has been paying a fixed discount rate for the past eight years.
In fact, the Treasury pays the Fom, or the Fed, a fixed price for every year the Fed buys bonds.
For the next 10 years, the Foms rate is set at the rate of 1 percent.
But it will rise to 2 percent in 2020, 3 percent in 2021 and 4 percent in 2022.
That’s because of inflation, and because the Fed wants to reduce its exposure to the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note.
The average rate of interest on Treasury bonds is 3.9 percent.
Why are bond prices lower this year?
One of the biggest reasons for the lower prices is that, since the Fed’s purchase of bonds, the money banks receive from them has been higher than what they paid for the same bonds at the Fed in the past.
But that has been a trend that’s been accelerating for years.
Since the Fed bought the bonds in 2012 and the first quarter of 2017, the average interest rate on Treasury bond issued by the U.-S.
Treasury Fund has risen from 1.6 percent to 2.4 percent.
The difference has helped push the cost to banks and consumers.
For example, the cost per dollar of a bond issued in 2020 rose from $1,200 to $2,500, according to Bankrate.com.
“I’m not sure why banks would sell these bonds for such low prices,” said Ryan Sweet, an investment banker at Bespoke Investment Group in Washington.
“They might be paying the Feds a lower rate than they would for the securities they’re buying from the Fed.”
Why is the price of Treasury bonds lower this time?
The Fed is targeting the $1 billion in bonds that it purchases this year, which are called “Treasury-linked Treasury securities.”
These are Treasury bonds that were issued before the financial crash, but which are now eligible for a discount on their principal amount.
That means that the cost will drop when the Fed purchases the bonds, because it will be less expensive to buy those bonds at 3.4 to 4 percent.
In 2020, the discount on the Treasury-linked bonds will be 5.4 percentage points, according in a recent report from Bespoked Investment Group.
Why does the FED not buy the bonds it is buying from banks?
The central banker is using a discount rate of 2 percent, meaning that the Fed has bought $1 of $2 trillion at the cost that it would cost banks to borrow at 3 percent.
That is called the discount window.
In 2018, the rate was 4.6 percentage points.
In 2019, it was 5.2 percentage points and in 2020 it was 6.5 percentage points for the Feds discount window, according on a Fed release.
In 2021, the interest rate will be 3.5 percent.
“That’s why banks are having trouble accessing this Treasury bond fund,”